New Pacing Algorithms and Functions in CRT Devices

  • Roland X. Stroobandt
  • Alfons F. Sinnaeve
  • S. Serge Barold


Right Ventricular Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Ventricular Pace Atrial Pace Biventricular Pace 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Cleland JGF, Daubert J-C, Erdmann E, et al. The effect of cardiac resynchronization on morbidity and mortality in heart failure. N Engl J Med 2005;352: 1539–1549.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nelson GS, Berger RD, Fetics BJ, et al. Left ventricular or biventricular pacing improves cardiac function at diminished energy cost in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and left bundle-branch block. Circulation 2000;102:3053–3059.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Breithardt OA, Sinha AM, Schwammental E, et al. Acute effects of cardiac of cardiac resynchronization therapy on functional mitral regurgitation in advanced systolic heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol 2003;41:765–770.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Leclercq C, Kass DA. Retiming the failing heart: principles and current clinical status of cardiac resynchronization. J Am Coll Cardiol 2002;39:194–201.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jansen AHM, Bracke FA, van Dantzig JM. Correlation of echo-Doppler optimization of atrioventricular delay in cardiac resynchronization therapy with invasive hemodynamics in patients with heart failure secondary to ischemic or idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Am J Cardiol 2006;97:552–557.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    van Gelder BM, Bracke FA, Meijer A, et al. The hemodynamic effect of intrinsic conduction during left ventricular pacing as compared to biventricular pacing. J Am Coll Cardiol 2005;46:2305–2310.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    van Gelder BM, Bracke FA, Meijer A, et al. Effect of optimizing the VV interval on left ventricular contractility in cardiac resynchronization therapy. Am J Cardiol 2004;93:1500–1503.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sogaard P, Egeblad H, Pedersen AK, et al. Sequential versus simultaneous biventricular synchronization for severe heart failure. Circulation 2002;106:2078–2084.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ritter P, Padeletti L, Gillio-Mena L, et al. Determination of the optimal atrioventricular delay in DDD pacing: comparison between echo and peak endocardial acceleration measurements. Europace 1999;1:126–130.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vanderheyden M, De Backer T, Rivero-Ayerza M, et al. Tailored echocardiographic interventricular delay programming further optimizes left ventricular performance after cardiac resynchronization therapy. Heart Rhythm 2005;2: 1066–1072.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Meine M, Min X, Paris M, et al. An intracardiac EGM method for VV optimization during cardiac resynchronization therapy. Heart Rhythm 2006;3 [abstract AB 30-5].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roland X. Stroobandt
  • Alfons F. Sinnaeve
  • S. Serge Barold

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations