• David Rogers
Part of the Springer Studies in Work and Industry book series (SSWI)

When an institution becomes as dysfunctional as today’s urban school districts in America, piecemeal reforms will not make it better. Instead, these efforts become a string of repeated failures that discourage subsequent reformers by contributing to a climate of pessimism. This chapter highlights the failures of past reforms from that perspective, leading to the emergence of mayoral control in the 1990s and 2000s as a new strategy, based on its potential for enacting the systemic change that was largely absent from previous reform efforts.

A Systems View

The failures of urban school districts that systems-oriented management thinkers cite are the result of a complex set of factors, including a dense network of embedded institutions outside school districts as well as relationships, procedures, mindsets, and habits within (see, for example, Senge et al. 2000; Ouchi 2003). Together these factors have contributed to the emergence of a highly problem-ridden institution, exemplified in its...


Public School Urban School Business Leader Charter School English Language Learner 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag US 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Rogers
    • 1
  1. 1. Emeritus Professor of Management Leonard N. Stern School of Business New York University NewYorkArgentina

Personalised recommendations