Movement Disorder

  • Sangjin Oh
  • Ajay Niranjan
  • William J. Weiner


In 1951, Lars Leksell introduced noninvasive neurosurgery with narrow beams of radiation, which allowed neurosurgeons to lesion intracranial areas unreachable or ill-suited for open surgery. A semicircular arc targets gamma rays to destroy deepbrain structures without the risk of bleeding and infection associated with open surgery [1], [2]. This technological development opened new possibilities for treating disease in patients who were poor candidates for open surgery due to anticoagulation use, respiratory or cardiac disease, and advanced age.


Movement Disorder Parkinson Disease Essential Tremor Gamma Knife Gamma Knife Radiosurgery 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sangjin Oh
    • 1
  • Ajay Niranjan
    • 2
  • William J. Weiner
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.University of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  3. 3.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Maryland Medical CenterBaltimoreUSA

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