Head and Neck Tumors: Surgery Perspective
The extracranial head and neck region is complex and varied with respect to anatomy, physiology, and pathology. Squamous cell carcinoma represents a large proportion of upper aerodigestive tract (sinonasal cavity, oral cavity, nasopharynx, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx) malignancies. However, the salivary glands have pathology ranging from mucoepidermoid to adenoid cystic and adenocarcinoma. Likewise, common malignancies of the thyroid gland include papillary, follicular, and medullary carcinoma. Neuroendocrine lesions occur throughout the region such as carotid body tumors and glomus tumors. Smoking and tobacco products represent a major risk factor in most head and neck malignancies.
KeywordsSkull Base Radiat Oncol Biol Phys Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Gamma Knife Stereotactic Radiosurgery Stereotactic
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