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Malignant Glioma: Chemotherapy Perspective

  • Roger Stupp
  • J. Gregory Cairncross

Abstract

Despite optimal surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy, malignant gliomas almost always recur. One cause of failure is explained by the diffusely infiltrating pattern of growth displayed by most gliomas, with malignant cells disseminated far beyond the initial bulky tumor. Although most relapses occur at or near the initial site of tumor, either along the resection margin or at the edge of the radiation field, distant recurrences or seeding of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) occurs in long-surviving patients. Malignant gliomas are not a localized disease but instead affect the whole brain and may display wide dissemination even at early stages. Thus, therapeutic strategies aiming only at bulky local disease are doomed to fail. The successful treatments of the future will need to eradicate microscopic disease in many sites within the brain and do so without neurotoxic effects. Here, we summarize progress in the medical treatment of malignant glioma.

Keywords

Clin Oncol Malignant Glioma Radiat Oncol Biol Phys Glioblastoma Multiforme Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger Stupp
    • 1
  • J. Gregory Cairncross
    • 2
  1. 1.Multidisciplinary Oncology CenterUniversity of Lausanne Hospitals (CHUV)LausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of Clinical NeurosciencesUniversity of Calgary, Foothills HospitalAlbertaCanada

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