Tenacity and Stubbornness: Einstein on Theory and Experiment
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Notes and References
- Einstein’s papers of 1905 are in vol. 2 of The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein (Prince-ton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987); the relativity review article is in vol. 2, Doc. 47. For the letters of Einstein: to Grossmann (April 1901), vol. 1, Doc. 100; to Stark (November 1907), vol. 5, Doc. 63; to Besso (March 1914), vol. 5, Doc. 514; to Ehrenfest (December 1914), vol. 8, Doc. 39; to Besso (February 1915), vol. 8, Doc. 56.Google Scholar
- In a letter to Max Born in 1947, Einstein called action-at-a-distance “spooky” (spukhafte): The Born–Einstein Letters, ed. Max Born and trans. Irene Born (London: MacMillan, 1971; new edition, 2005), p. 158, (new edition) p. 155.Google Scholar
- The 1920 Leiden lecture is reprinted in Albert Einstein, Sidelights on Relativity (New York: Dover, 1983), pp. 1–24, quotation from pp. 22–23.Google Scholar
- Klaus Hentschel, “Einstein’s Attitude Towards Experiments: Testing Relativity Theory, 1907–1927,” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 23, No. 4 (1992), pp. 593–624.Google Scholar
- For the Einstein–de Haas effect see Peter Galison, How Experiments End (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1987), Chapter 2; and Abraham Pais, “Subtle is the Lord”: The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982), pp. 245–249.Google Scholar
- Heisenberg’s story (from his Physics and Beyond ) is quoted in Gerald Holton, The Scientific Imagination: Case Studies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978), pp. 216–217. I have used Charles Darwin, The Autobiography of Charles Darwin, ed. Nora Barlow (New York: W.W. Norton, 1969), p. 70. The quotation of the president of the Linnean Society is from Jonathan Howard, Darwin (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), p. 6. The quotation from the letter (Darwin to Charles Lyell in 1860) is from David R. Stoddart, “Darwin and the Seeing Eye: Iconography and Meaning in the Beagle Years,” Earth Sciences History, 14, No. 1 (1995), 3–22, on p. 5. The Herschel quotation is from, Richard Panek, Seeing and Believing: How the Telescope Opened Our Eyes and Minds to the Heavens (New York: Viking Press, 1998), p. 114.Google Scholar
- Einstein’s autobiography was written in 1946 and first published in 1949. I have used the corrected version, Albert Einstein: Autobiographical Notes, trans. Paul Arthur Schilipp (LaSalle and Chicago: Open Court Publishing, 1979), beam of light thought experiment on pp. 49–51. Banesh Hoffmann, “Some Einstein Anomalies,” in Gerald Holton and Yehuda Elkana, eds., Albert Einstein: Historical and Cultural Perspectives (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1982), 91–105; Hoffmann’s remark on Einstein’s “garbled” sentence is in footnote 3 on p. 105.Google Scholar
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