Cerebral vascular disease is the primary cause of damage in the brain. At least 60% of all neurological admissions to a large general hospital will consist of patients with cerebral vascular disease. Therefore, we have included an overview of cerebral vascular disease and the major syndromes one will encounter.
Cerebral vascular disease refers to disorders of the blood vessels supplying the brain and spinal cord, which result in neurological symptoms and signs. The term refers primarily to disease of arteries. At present, disease of cerebral veins and sinuses is not common.
The term stroke or cerebral vascular accident refers to an event characterized by the acute onset of these neurological signs and symptoms. The term ictus is used synonymously.
KeywordsMiddle Cerebral Artery Basilar Artery Anterior Cerebral Artery Posterior Cerebral Artery Dominant Hemisphere
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