Motor System II: Basal Ganglia
The term “basal ganglia” originally included the deep telencephalic nuclei: the caudate, putamen, globus pallidus, the claustrum, and nucleus accumbens) The globus pallidus and putamen are lens-shaped and are called lenticular nuclei. Collectively, the putamen and caudate are called the corpus striatum. Additional structures now included within this group are the substantia nigra, the subthalamic nuclei, the ventral tegmental area. and the ventral pallidum. One is very familiar with disease of the basal ganglia due to the widespread presence of Parkinson’s disease with its tremor at rest.
KeywordsBasal Ganglion Substantia Nigra Ventral Tegmental Area Lewy Body Essential Tremor
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.