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GTPases in Semaphorin Signaling

  • Andreas W. Püschel
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 600)

Abstract

Ahallmark of semaphorin receptors is their interaction with multiple GTPases. Plexins, the signal transducing component of semaphorin receptors, directly associate with several GTPases. In addition, they not only recruit guaninine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) and GTPase activating proteins (GAPs) but also are the only known integral membrane proteins that show a catalytic activity as GAPs for small GTPases. GTPases function upstream of semaphorin receptors and regulate the activity of plexins through an interaction with the cytoplasmic domain. The association of Plexin-A1 (Sema3A receptor) or Plexin-B1 (Sema4D receptor) with the GTPase Rnd1 and ligand-dependent receptor clustering are required for their activity as R-Ras GAPs. The GTPases R-Ras and Rho function downstream of plexins and are required for the repulsive effects of semaphorins. In this review, I will focus on the role of GTPases in signaling by two plexins that have been analyzed in most detail, Plexin-A1 and Plexin-B1

Keywords

Growth Cone Cytoplasmic Domain Growth Cone Collapse Intracellular Signaling Mechanism Axonal Growth Cone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas W. Püschel
    • 1
  1. 1.Abteilung Molekularbiologie, Institut für Allgemeine Zoologie und GenetikWestfälische Wilhelms-UniversitätMünsterGermany

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