Affirmative Action Racial Identity White Person White Privilege Black Panther Party 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Allen, Theodore W. 1994. The Invention of the White Race Volume 1: Racial Oppression and Social Control. New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  2. Allport, Gordon W. 1958. The Nature of Prejudice. New York: Doubleday/Anchor.Google Scholar
  3. Aptheker, Herbert. 1992. Anti-Racism in the United States: The First Two Hundred Years. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  4. Barndt, Joseph. 1991. Dismantling Racism: The Continuing Challenge to White America. Minneapolis, MN: Augsberg Fortress.Google Scholar
  5. Bonnett, Alastair. 2000. Anti-Racism. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. Brooks, Roy L. 1996. Integration or Separation? A Strategy for Racial Equality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Bush, Rod. 1999. We Are Not What We Seem: Black Nationalism and Class Struggle in the American Century. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Childs, Erica Chito. 2005. Navigating Interracial Borders: Black-White Couples and Their Social Worlds. Rutgers, NJ: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Edles, Laura Desfor and Scott Applerouth. 2004. Sociological Theory in the Classical Era. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.Google Scholar
  10. Eichstedt, Jennifer. 2001. “Problematic White Identities and a Search for Racial Justice.” Sociological Forum 16: 445–470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Feagin, Joe R. 2000. Racist America: Roots, Current Realities and Future Reparations. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Feagin, Joe R. and Hernan Vera. 1995. White Racism: The Basics. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Forbes, H. D. 1997. Ethnic Conflict: Commerce, Culture, and the Contact Hypothesis. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Frankenberg, Ruth. 1993. White Women, Race Matters: The Social Construction of Whiteness. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  15. George, Mark Patrick. 2004. “Towards a Critical Antiracism: Redefining and Rethinking the Term ‘Antiracism.’ ” Paper presented at the annual meetings of the American Sociological Association, August, San Francisco, California.Google Scholar
  16. Hogan, Tiffany and Julie Netzer. 1993. “Knowing the Other: White Women, Gender, and Racism.” Unpublished manuscript, University of Florida, Department of Sociology.Google Scholar
  17. hooks, bell. 1995. Killing Rage: Ending Racism. New York: Henry Holt.Google Scholar
  18. Johnson, Jacqueline, Sharon Rush, and Joe R. Feagin. 2000. “Doing Anti-Racism: Toward an Egalitarian American Society.” Contemporary Sociology 29: 95–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kivel, Paul. 2002. Uprooting Racism: How White People Can Work for Racial Justice. St. Paul, MN: New Society Publishers.Google Scholar
  20. Korgen, Kathleen. 2002. Crossing the Racial Divide: Close Friendships Between Black and White Americans. Westport, CT: Praeger.Google Scholar
  21. Kozol, Jonathan. 2005. The Shame of the Nation: The Restoration of Apartheid Schooling in America. New York: Crown.Google Scholar
  22. Lorber, Judith. 2005. Gender Inequality: Feminist Theories and Politics, 3rd ed. Los Angeles: Roxbury Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  23. Malcolm X and Alex Haley. 1965. The Autobiography of Malcolm X. New York: Ballantine Books.Google Scholar
  24. McAdam, Doug. 1992. “Gender as a Mediator of the Activist Experience: The Case of Freedom Summer.” American Journal of Sociology 97: 1211–1240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. McAdam, Doug. 1988. Freedom Summer. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  26. McIntosh, Peggy. 1998. “White Privilege and Male Privilege.” In Race, Class and Gender: An Anthology, 3 rd ed. Edited by Margaret L. Andersen and Patricia Hill Collins. New York: Wadsworth.Google Scholar
  27. O’Brien, Eileen. 2001. Whites Confront Racism: Antiracists and Their Paths to Action. Boulder, CO: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  28. O’Brien, Eileen. 2000. “Are We Supposed to be Colorblind or Not? Competing Frames Used By Whites against Racism.” Race and Society 3: 41–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. O’Brien, Eileen and Kathleen Korgen. 2007. “It’s the Message Not the Messenger: The Declining Significance of Black-White Contact in a Colorblind Society.” Sociological Inquiry 77: (3).Google Scholar
  30. Perry, Pamela. 2005. “Propositional, Affective, Situational: What Knowledge Transforms White People’s Racial Praxis?” Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  31. Scott, Ellen K. 2000. “Everyone against Racism: Agency and the Production of Meaning in the Anti-Racism Practices of Two Feminist Organizations.” Theory and Society 29. 785–818.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sherkat, Darren E. and T. Jean Blocker. 1994. “The Political Development of Sixties Activists: Identifying the Influence of Class, Gender and Socialization on Protest Participation.” Social Forces 72.821–842.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Tatum, Beverly Daniel. 2003. Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria? And Other Conversations about Race. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  34. Tatum, Beverly Daniel. 1994. “Teaching White Students about Racism: The Search for White Allies and the Restoration of Hope.” Teachers College Record 95. 462–476.Google Scholar
  35. Tatum, Beverly Daniel. 1992. “Talking about Race, Learning about Racism: The Application of Racial Identity Development in the Classroom.” Harvard Educational Review 62. 1–24.Google Scholar
  36. Thomas, Richard W. 1996. Understanding Interracial Unity. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  37. Tong, Rosemarie. 1998. Feminist Thought: A More Comprehensive Introduction. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  38. Weber, Max. 1925/1978. “The Types of Legitimate Domination.” Pp. 212–301. in Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich, eds. Economy and Society, Vols. 1. and 2. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  39. Yetman, Norman. 2004. “Prejudice and Discrimination.” Pp. 8-20. in Healey, Joseph F. and Eileen O’Brien, eds. Race, Ethnicity and Gender: Selected Readings. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  40. Zajicek, Anna. 2002. “Race Discourses and Antiracist Practices in a Local Women’s Movement.” Gender and Society 16. 155–174.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eileen O’Brien

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations