Antibiotic Use in Hospitals in the United States SCOPE-MMIT Antimicrobial Surveillance Network
There are few recent published multihospital analyses of antibiotic use in the United States. This is due to the difficulty in acquiring antibiotic use data, especially in acquiring measures of antibiotic use that are not based on antibiotic purchases but actual consumption (Fridkin et al. 1999, Fridkin and Gaynes 1999, Carling et al. 1999, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2003). Measures of antibiotic use based on purchase data are indirect and dependent on purchasing variations, manufacturer drug pricing, and vendor discounts (Madaras-Kelly 2003).
KeywordsAntibacterial Drug Surveillance Network National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Antibiotic Cost Lactamase Inhibitor
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2003) National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) System Report, data summary from January 1992 through June 2003, issued August 2003. Am J Infect Control 31:481–498.Google Scholar
- Fridkin SK, Steward CD, Edwards JR, Pryor ER, McGowan JE Jr, Archibald LK, Gaynor RP, Tenover FC (1999) Surveillance of antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in United States hospitals: Project ICARE phase 2. Project Intensive Care Antimicrobial Resistance Epidemiology (ICARE) hospitals. Clin Infect Dis 29:245–252.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Fridkin SK, Lawton R, Edwards JR, Tenover FC, McGowan JE, Gaynes RP, and the Intensive Care Antimicrobial Resistance Epidemiology (ICARE) Project, and the National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) System Hospitals (2002a) Monitoring antimicrobial use and resistance: Comparison with a national benchmark on reducing vancomycin use and vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Emerg Infect Dis 8:702–707.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) System Report (2001), data summary from January 1992–June 2001, Issued August 2001. Am J Infect Control 29:404–421.Google Scholar
- World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Drug Statistics Methodology http://www.whocc.no/atcddd/.