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Neurotrophin Signaling and Cell Survival

  • Bruno J. Manadas
  • Carlos V. Melo
  • João R. Gomes
  • Carlos B. Duarte

Neurotrophins control survival, differentiation and maintenance of neurons and glial cells in the central and peripheral nervous system. Their biological functions are mediated by two distinct families of receptors, the Trk receptor tyrosine kinases (TrkA, TrkB and TrkC) and the p75 neurotrophin receptors (p75NTR with different signaling activity. Both receptor types convey trophic signals, but p75NTR activation may also cause apoptotic cell death. The abundance of neurotrophins and/or their receptors changes in various pathological conditions, contributing to cell death or cell survival, depending also on the receptors activated. This chapter focuses on the changes in the abundance of neurotrophins and neurotrophin receptors in diseases of the nervous system and how these changes affect neuronal survival.

Keywords

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Nerve Growth Factor Schwann Cell Cerebellar Granule Neuron Neurotrophin Receptor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno J. Manadas
    • 1
  • Carlos V. Melo
    • 1
  • João R. Gomes
    • 1
  • Carlos B. Duarte
    • 2
  1. 1.Dep. PhysiolTrinity CollegeIreland
  2. 2.Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology and Department of ZoologyUniversity of CoimbraPortugal

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