The Art and Zen of Camera Trapping

  • Jim Sanderson
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)


Habitat destruction and illegal hunting have led to increased concern regarding the status of wildlife populations both inside and outside protected areas. However, the lack of baseline data and absence of accurate estimates of population trends have prevented conservationists and wildlife managers from identifying, quantifying, and addressing suspected negative impacts. To assess wildlife population trends, scientifically based monitoring programs must be implemented (Karanth and Nichols, 1998, Mackenzie et al., 2006).

A common method for monitoring birds or primates is to walk through a forest, stop at each station in sequence, and record every bird or primate species observed or heard. This is the direct method of monitoring: the observer records detailed observations of what is seen or heard. Direct methods work well when the subject is easily observed or heard: most birds are comparatively easily observed or heard, many primates are vocal or move about in the canopy,...


Home Range Occupancy Rate Camera Trap Mountain Gorilla Hexagonal Grid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The author wishes to thank Dieter Steklis and Netzin Gerald-Steklis for the opportunity to train the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International's Congolese and Rwandan field crews and to assist them in deploying camera traps in the Virunga volcanoes. Thanks also for their comments and suggestions here. I also thank anonymous reviewers for their suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jim Sanderson
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Applied Biodiversity ScienceConservation InternationalWashingtonUSA

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