Carotid Artery Occlusion and Stenosis

  • Mohamad Chmayssani
  • Joanne Festa


C. Miller Fischer’s clinical observations that led to a further understanding of carotid artery disease, in addition to angiography advancements in the 1930s, brought a new focus to the prevalence of carotid disease and led to an increased interest in stroke and its co-morbidities. Symptomatic carotid artery disease, by some estimates, accounts for 25% of all ischemic strokes (Hanel, Levy, Guterman, & Hopkins, 2005). The media played an essential role in promoting awareness of carotid disease and encouraging patients to seek medical care even if they are asymptomatic. New medical advancements in recent decades have increased life expectancy substantially, leading to an increased incidence of carotid disease, since the prevalence of symptomatic carotid stenosis increases steeply with advanced age (Fairhead & Rothwell, 2006). Moreover, physicians are more aware of the seriousness of carotid disease, since it frequently complicates existing CNS pathology in the ageing...


Cerebral Blood Flow Internal Carotid Artery Compute Tomography Angiography Magnetic Resonance Angiography Carotid Stenosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stroke and Critical Care Division, Department of NeurologyNeurological Institute, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Columbia University, College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew YorkUSA

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