Vascular Dementia

  • Joel H. Kramer
  • Margaret E. Wetzel

Dementia is one of the major health risks facing elderly individuals. Prevalence of dementia in the United States is currently around seven million individuals with the number of cases expected to increase by 25% over the next 20 years.

As currently defined, dementia represents cognitive impairment that is severe enough to significantly interfere with occupational, social, or functional abilities. The causes of dementia are varied and accurate differential diagnosis is critical for identifying treatable disorders and ameliorating the impact of disorders for which there are no treatments. In the vast majority of patients over the age of 50, the most disabling and progressive conditions are either neurodegenerative (Alzheimer’s disease, frontotemporal lobar degeneration, parkinsonian syndromes) or vascular in origin. In this chapter, we will review several features of vascular dementia (VaD), including diagnostic criteria, prevalence, underlying mechanisms and subtypes, comorbidity with...


Cerebrovascular Disease Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy Small Vessel Disease Focal Neurological Sign Dementia Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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