Ischemic and Intracerebral Hemorragic Stroke

  • Howard Kirshner
  • Victor Mark


Historically, stroke has been the source of much of our knowledge about the localization of higher cognitive functions in the brain. C. Miller Fisher, one of the founders of the field of vascular neurology, taught “We learn Neurology stroke by stroke.” Stroke can be considered an “experiment of nature,” in which one part of the nervous system is damaged, while the rest remains intact. Nineteenth century neurologists studied their patients in detail at the bedside, waited for them to die, and then correlated the syndrome described in life with the anatomy of the damage seen in the brain at autopsy.

In recent years, advances in brain imaging technologies have provided more immediate correlation of structure with function in the living patient. Computed tomographic (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans reveal the anatomic areas damaged by stroke. Functional brain imaging with positron emission tomography (PET) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and...


Anterior Cerebral Artery Hemisphere Lesion Left Middle Cerebral Artery Auditory Comprehension Stroke Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyVanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA

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