Therapy of Acute Myelogenous Leukemia in Adults

  • Gautam Borthakur
  • Elihu E. Estey
Part of the Cancer Treatment and Research book series (CTAR, volume 145)


The clinical and biological heterogeneity of adult acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is increasingly apparent. Incorporation of cytogenetic data into the WHO classification of AML [1] is a testament to the importance of disease biology in treatment outcomes. Therefore the approach to treatment of AML in adults need to be based on a risk-stratified approach, the risk being that of relapse or refractory disease not responding to induction chemotherapy. Another risk that needs to be considered in making treatment decisions particularly in elderly patients or those with poor-performance status and organ dysfunction is that of induction-related death. Co-morbidity indices can conceivably identify patients with higher possibility of induction-related death [2,3] and prospective application of such indices will help to resolve the question of whether less than intensive chemotherapy can impact outcome in this group. This review will focus on drug therapy of AML and not on the hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT).


Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Minimal Residual Disease Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Core Binding Factor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of LeukemiaThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of LeukemiaThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

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