The Liver-Impaired Patient

  • Nancy Withers

Among all organs in the human body, the liver is the largest and carries out the greatest number of functions. The liver’s important and multiple activities have impact on all body systems, including the nervous system. The relationship between the liver and the brain has been known for centuries (Frerichs, 1860; Lewis and Howdle, 2003; Tarter et al., 1989;Wilson, 1912). Patients with hepatic dysfunction frequently experience neuropsychiatric syndromes, of which the most well known is hepatic encephalopathy (Ferenci et al., 2002).


Liver Disease Chronic Hepatitis Hepatic Encephalopathy Sustained Virologic Response Alcoholic Liver Disease 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nancy Withers
    • 1
  1. 1.University of HawaiiHonoluluUSA

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