The Patient's Personality, Personality Types, Traits, and Disorders

  • Hoyle Leigh

A 34-year-old Caucasian woman was admitted to the hospital after cutting her abdomen with a steak knife. She had methodically cut her skin, abdominal muscles, fasciae, peritoneum, and omentum, and pulled out her small intestine. She was in a pool of blood when her roommate came home and called the ambulance. Upon admission to the hospital, the patient denied suicidal intent; rather, she said she just had to cut herself and see blood to relieve the tension. She had seen visions of herself cutting before she actually cut herself. She felt no pain. Her abdomen was covered with scars from previous lacerations. This was her 18th hospitalization for cutting herself.


Personality Disorder Personality Type Dialectical Behavior Therapy Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline Personality Disorder Patient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 1994.Google Scholar
  2. Gunderson JG. Borderline Personality Disorder. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, 1984.Google Scholar
  3. Kahana R, Bibring G. Personality types in medical management. In: Zinberg N, ed. Psychiatry and Medical Practice in a General Hospital. New York: International Universities Press, 1964:108–123.Google Scholar
  4. Koerner K, Linehan MM. Research on dialectical behavior therapy for patients with borderline personality disorder. Psychiatr Clin North Am 2000;23(1):151–167.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Meissner WW. Treatment of Patients in the Borderline Spectrum. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson, 1988.Google Scholar


  1. Davidson RJ, Jackson DC, Kalin NH. Emotion, plasticity, context and regulation: perspectives from affective neuroscience. Psychol Bull 2000;126(6):873–889.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Davidson RJ, Putnam KM, Larson CL. Dysfunction in the neural circuitry of emotion regulation—a possible prelude to violence. Science 2000;289(5479):591–594.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Eysenck HJ. Biological dimensions of personality. In: Pervin LA, ed. Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research. New York: Guilford, 1990:244–276.Google Scholar
  4. Gardner DL, Cowdry RW. Suicidal and parasuicidal behavior in borderline personality disorder. Psychiatr Clin North Am 1985;8(2):389–403.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Leigh H, Reiser MF. (1992). The Patient: Biological, Psychological, and Social Dimensions of Medical Practice. New York: Plenum Medical.Google Scholar
  6. Little CJ. The athlete’s neurosis: a deprivation crisis. Acta Psychiatr Scand 1969;45:197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Reich W. Character Analysis. New York: Orgone Institute Press, 1949.Google Scholar
  8. Shapiro D. Neurotic Styles. New York: Basic Books, 1965.Google Scholar
  9. Siever LJ, Davis KL. (1991). A psychobiological perspective on the personality disorders. Am J Psychiatry, 148, 1647–1658.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Soloff PH, Lis JA, Kelly T, Cornelius J, Ulrich R. Self-mutilation and suicidal behavior in borderline personality disorder. J Personality Disord 1994;8(4):257–267.Google Scholar
  11. Swartz M, Blazer D, George L, Winfield I. Estimating the prevalence of borderline personality disorder in the community. J Personality Disord 1990;4(3):257–272.Google Scholar
  12. Zanarini MC. Childhood experiences associated with the development of borderline personality disorder. Psychiatr Clin North Am 2000;23(1):89–101.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Zanarini MC, Frankenburg FR. Pathways to the development of borderline personality disorder. J Personality Disord 1997;11(1):93–104.Google Scholar
  14. Zanarini MC, Frankenburg FR, DeLuca CJ, Hennen J, Khera GS, Gunderson JG. The pain of being borderline: dysphoric states specific to borderline personality disorder. Harvard Rev Psychiatry 1998;6(4):201–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hoyle Leigh
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaFresnoUSA

Personalised recommendations