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Update on the Role of EGFR Inhibitors in Cancer Therapeutics

  • Michalis V. Karamouzis
  • Athanassios Argiris
Part of the Cancer Treatment and Research book series (CTAR, volume 135)

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a type I tyrosine kinase receptor that plays a central role in signal transduction pathways that regulate key cellular functions in epithelial malignancies.After ligand binding, EGFR homo- or heterodimerizes with other members of the EGFR family of receptors, such as HER-2, and activates a signaling cascade that participates in tumor proliferation, angiogenesis, survival, and invasion/metastasis (61). Multiple studies have demonstrated that EGFR is commonly overexpressed in a variety of epithelial malignancies (Table 1) and its high expression usually correlates with worse patient outcome (4, 34).

Keywords

Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Clin Oncol Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Expression Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Inhibitor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michalis V. Karamouzis
    • 1
  • Athanassios Argiris
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of MedicineUniversity of PittsburghPennsylvaniaUSA

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