Sex Hormone-binding Globulin Influences Gene Expression of LNCaP and MCF-7 Cells in Response to Androgen and Estrogen Treatment
Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), a plasma protein that binds androgens and estrogens, also participates in the initial steps of a membrane-based steroid signaling pathway in human prostate and breast. We have recently shown that SHBG is expressed at the mRNA and protein levels in the prostate and breast. In this study, we addressed whether locally expressed SHBG: (1) Functions to regulate activation of membrane-based steroid signaling and (2) influences activation of the androgen (AR) and estrogen (ER) receptors. Using microarray analysis, we identified specific genes that are influenced by SHBG expression in LNCaP and MCF-7 cells in a manner consistent with each of these properties. These findings suggest that locally expressed SHBG can play a functional role in the steroid responsiveness of prostate and breast cells through multiple signaling pathways and that perturbations in local SHBG expression could contribute to prostate and breast cancer.
KeywordsAndrogen Receptor LNCaP Cell L5S2 Cell Steroid Responsiveness Negative Treatment Control
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