The ways in which acute care surgical services across the world have developed and are currently delivered vary greatly from one country to another. The evolution of these services is particularly influenced by the interplay of unique geographic and demographic factors in each individual country and is ultimately determined by resources and demand.1 The mechanisms by which trauma and other emergency surgical care is provided in Australia differ substantially from those in the United States and Europe. This chapter outlines the provision of acute care surgery in Australia as well as Australia’s contribution to acute care surgery in the neighboring Pacific Island countries.
KeywordsMajor Trauma Trauma Care Surgical Service Outreach Service Major Trauma Patient
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