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Botox: Avoiding Pitfalls

  • John R. Burroughs
  • Richard L. Anderson

Abstract

Botox is extremely safe, with an LD50 of 3500 units in humans. Despite a high safety profile, non-life-threatening complications can be frequent and frustrating to both the patient and the physician. Proper understanding of oculofacial anatomy is paramount to correctly understanding the indications and proper administration of Botox. Botox will not address skin pigmentation/quality, excess skin, contour deformities, volume loss/deformities, or tissue drop. Botox therapy is ideal for initiating cosmetic surgery to patients into practice.

Keywords

Cosmetic Surgery Lower Eyelid Hemifacial Spasm Eyelid Retraction Contour Deformity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John R. Burroughs
    • 1
  • Richard L. Anderson
    • 2
  1. 1.Eye and Facial AppearancesColorado SpringsUSA
  2. 2.Center for Facial AppearancesSalt Lake CityUSA

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