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The Treatment of Festoons in Lower Blepharoplasty

  • Sheri L. DeMartelaere
  • Todd R. Shepler
  • Sean M. Blaydon
  • Russell W. Neuhaus
  • John W. Shore

Abstract

Festoons or “malar bags” are thought to be involutional attenuation of the skin and underlying orbital orbicularis oculi muscle. Edema often accumulates in this area. Standard blepharoplasty techniques will not address festoons, if present, and may make them worse for a time due to persistent edema in this area.

Keywords

Plastic Surgery Severe Case Lower Eyelid Inferior Edge Postoperative Edema 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sheri L. DeMartelaere
    • 1
    • 2
  • Todd R. Shepler
    • 3
  • Sean M. Blaydon
    • 3
  • Russell W. Neuhaus
    • 3
  • John W. Shore
    • 3
  1. 1.Uniformed ServicesUniversity of the Health SciencesUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryOcular and Orbital Trauma Service, Brooke Army Medical CenterSan AntonioUSA
  3. 3.Texas Oculoplastic ConsultantsAustinUSA

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