Guide to Local Anesthetic Medications

  • Vivian Schiedler
  • Bryan S. Sires


Proparacaine or tetracaine drops can be applied to the ocular surface to help minimize the discomfort of subconjunctival injections. Facial prep solutions, bright lights, and repeated opening of eyes intraoperatively to adjust lid height may cause drying and ocular irritation. Treating both eyes helps increase patient comfort and cooperation. Tetracaine is the most potent topical agent1 and can be used directly on the tarsal plate during procedures such as ptosis repair in which anesthetic use is minimized to avoid levator muscle paralysis. Use of topical anesthetic drops should be limited in all patients to prevent iatrogenic corneal epitheliopathy. The postoperative analgesic regimen should never include topical ocular anesthetic agents.


Ocular Surface Split Thickness Skin Graft EMLA Cream Tarsal Plate Postoperative Analgesic Regimen 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vivian Schiedler
    • 1
  • Bryan S. Sires
    • 2
  1. 1.Oculoplastics and Orbital ConsultantsCharlottesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Allure Laser Center and MedispaKirklandUSA

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