Ten Steps to Making Ptosis Surgery More Predictable

  • Russell S. Gonnering


In training, I did not fully appreciate the words of my mentor, Richard K. Dortzbach, M.D., when he first uttered this concise description of one of the most common operations we perform. Now, several thousand procedures later, I understand what he was saying.


Bipolar Cautery Orbital Septum Levator Function Eyelid Crease Frontalis Sling 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Russell S. Gonnering
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyThe Medical College of WisconsinBrookfieldUSA

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