Retinoids for the Cosmetic Patient

  • Kenneth R. Beer


Cosmetic procedures to restore lost volume and relax muscles allows cosmetic surgeons to reverse several cardinal signs of the aging face. However, reversal of these symptoms does nothing to restore the epidermis to a more youthful appearance. Fortunately, there are treatments ranging from laser resurfacing to chemical peels to cosmeceuticals to topical retinoids to accomplish this goal.


Intense Pulse Light Cosmetic Procedure Cosmetic Surgeon Cosmetic Patient Tazarotene Cream 
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Suggested Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth R. Beer
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MiamiWest Palm BeachUSA

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