Preoperative Evaluation of the Cosmetic Patient

  • Jemshed A. Khan


First and foremost, the surgeon should elicit from the patient those specific topographic facial features that the patient wants to have improved. Patients often express concern that their periocular facial features are communicating unintended signals such as disapproval (glabellar frown lines), tiredness (lower eyelid fat pad herniation or upper eyelid ptosis), worry, or ageing (crow’s feet). The face, as an organ of communication, is malfunctioning.1


Facial Feature Preoperative Evaluation Aesthetic Surgery Human Facial Expression Eyelid Ptosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    Khan JA. Aesthetic surgery: diagnosing and healing the miscues of human facial expression. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2001;17(1):4–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jemshed A. Khan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyKansas University School of Medicine, Kansas University Medical CenterKansas CityUSA

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