Preoperative Evaluation of the Cosmetic Patient
First and foremost, the surgeon should elicit from the patient those specific topographic facial features that the patient wants to have improved. Patients often express concern that their periocular facial features are communicating unintended signals such as disapproval (glabellar frown lines), tiredness (lower eyelid fat pad herniation or upper eyelid ptosis), worry, or ageing (crow’s feet). The face, as an organ of communication, is malfunctioning.1
KeywordsFacial Feature Preoperative Evaluation Aesthetic Surgery Human Facial Expression Eyelid Ptosis
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