Fundamentals of Combustion and Thermal Plasma

  • Pierre L. Fauchais
  • Joachim V. R. Heberlein
  • Maher I. Boulos


Except for Cold Spray, thermal spray processes are based either on combustion or thermal plasmas. This chapter recalls the basic phenomena involved allowing understanding how the high temperature jets are generated and what are their properties. First the bases of combustion are presented with flames, detonation, and explosions: their stability limits, their temperatures and velocities. Then bases of thermal plasmas are discussed with a short presentation of how are calculated their compositions, specific masses, enthalpies, viscosities, and electrical and thermal conductivities with finally the results for the main gases used in thermal spraying. At last the basic concepts in modeling are presented: conservation equations (continuity, momentum, and energy), electromagnetic field equations, and at last laminar and turbulent flows. Bases presented in this chapter are then used in the different chapters related to the various spray processes.


Detonation Wave Thermal Plasma Combustion Wave Cold Spray Spray Process 



One dimension


Two dimensions


Three dimensions


Direct current


Left hand side


Radio frequency


Right hand side


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre L. Fauchais
    • 1
  • Joachim V. R. Heberlein
    • 2
  • Maher I. Boulos
    • 3
  1. 1.Sciences des Procédés Céramiques et de Traitements de Surface (SPCTS)Université de LimogesLimogesFrance
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of SherbrookeSherbrookeCanada

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