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Overview of Thermal Spray

  • Pierre L. Fauchais
  • Joachim V. R. Heberlein
  • Maher I. Boulos
Chapter

Abstract

In order to be competitive in the market, it is important to be able to produce surfaces that wear only a little, are more resistant to tarnishing and corrosion, and retain their electrical, optical, or thermal properties over a long period. It is also interesting to have technologies to simplify product ranges or maintenance requirements. Surface treatments and coatings have a prominent role to play in this respect. This chapter is an overview of the different surface treatments; among them are set thermal spray processes, whose applications are briefly described. Then the different processes are summarily discussed together with the different ways to supply powders, wires, rods, cords, and also liquids (suspensions or solutions). Then the interactions high-energy gas particles or liquids are briefly described, before the coating formation is presented.

Keywords

Thermal Spray Plasma Torch Cold Spray Spray Process Core Wire 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

ALR

Mass ratio between gas and suspension

CFD

Computational fluid dynamics

d.c.

direct current

D-gun

Detonation gun

HVOF

High-velocity oxy-fuel flame

PACVD

Plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition

PECVD

Plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition

PSZ

Partially stabilized zirconia

PTA

Plasma-transferred arc

PVD

Physical vapor deposition

r.f.

Radio frequency

RGS

Gas to liquid volume flow rates (generally over 100)

slm

Standard liter per minute

TBC

Thermal barrier coating

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre L. Fauchais
    • 1
  • Joachim V. R. Heberlein
    • 2
  • Maher I. Boulos
    • 3
  1. 1.Sciences des Procédés Céramiques et de Traitements de Surface (SPCTS)Université de LimogesLimogesFrance
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of SherbrookeSherbrookeCanada

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