Coating Characterizations

  • Pierre L. Fauchais
  • Joachim V. R. Heberlein
  • Maher I. Boulos


Coatings, as most industrial products, must be tested at the Research and Development stage, in production environment, but it should be kept in mind that coating properties depend strongly on both the spray conditions and powder used and both must be regularly tested. Tests at the research and development level use techniques more or less sophisticated such as metallography and image analysis. In production tests deal with the control of quality (adhesion–cohesion, mechanical properties, thermal properties, wear resistance, corrosion resistance…) and are more targeted towards the service conditions, without neglecting some simple tests from simple visual observation of the coated part to some specific characteristics required by the coating or component specifications. The aim of this chapter is not to describe in detail all the characterization and testing methods that could be used for thermal-spray coatings but to give the reader information about the most used techniques and which information can be drawn from them. It starts with the specificity of coating characterization methods and presents the nondestructive methods. They are successively described: the metallography and image analysis, materials characterization, void content and network architecture, adhesion–cohesion, mechanical properties, and testing of wear resistance and corrosion.


Residual Stress Acoustic Emission Bond Coat Thermal Barrier Coating Strain Energy Release Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Alternative current


Acoustic emission


Auger electron spectroscopy


Atomic force microscopy


Archimedean porosimetry


Back scattered electrons




Direct current


Double bar method


Double cantilever beam test


Depth of field


Differential scanning calorimetry


Differential thermal analysis


Electron beam physical vapor deposition


Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy


Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy


Electrochemical noise


Electron probe microanalysis


Electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis


Extended X-ray absorption fine structure


Fluidized bed reactor


Furnace cycle test


Field emission scanning electron microscope


Fast Fourier transform


Functional gradient material


Focused ion beam


Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy


Full-width at half-maximum


Gas permeation


Hot isostatic pressing


High resolution transmission electron microscopy


Universal hardness


Vickers hardness


High-velocity oxy-fuel


Internal diameter


Image analysis


Joint Committee Powder Diffraction Standard


Jet engine thermal shocks


Laser adhesion test


Light optical microscope


Mercury intrusion porosimetry


Multiple small angle neutron scattering


Number of loading cycles


Nondestructive technique


Near edge X-ray absorption fine structure


Optical microscopy also called LOM


Object-oriented finite element analysis of microstructures




Pulsed thermography


Research and Development


Resistive/capacitive circuit


Representative elementary volume


RF precursor plasma spray synthesis


Rotation per minute


Representative volume element


Cyclic stress


Standard calomel electrode


Small-angle neutron scattering


Surface acoustic waves


Small-angle X-ray scattering


Single bar method


Scanning electron microscopy


Sliding, reciprocating, and vibrating friction


Stereological protocols (coupled to image analysis)


Strain to fracture


Tensile adhesion test


Thermal barrier coating


Transmission electron microscopy


Thermo gravimeter


Thermo gravimeter-differential thermal analysis


Thermally grown oxide


Thermal shock resistance


Thermal spray society


Ultrasonic reflection coefficient amplitude spectrum


Ultrasmall angle X-ray scattering


X-ray absorption near edge structure


X-ray absorption spectroscopy


X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy


X-ray diffraction


X-ray fluorescence


Yttrium aluminum garnet


Yttria partially stabilized zirconia


Yttria-stabilized zirconia


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre L. Fauchais
    • 1
  • Joachim V. R. Heberlein
    • 2
  • Maher I. Boulos
    • 3
  1. 1.Sciences des Procédés Céramiques et de Traitements de Surface (SPCTS)Université de LimogesLimogesFrance
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of SherbrookeSherbrookeCanada

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