Angiography in Pharmacologic Retinal Toxicity

  • Stephen G. Schwartz
  • William F. Mieler

Retinal angiography, specifically fluorescein angiography (FA), is important for the diagnosis and follow-up of pharmacologic retinal toxicity. At this time, there does not appear to be a significant role for indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography, and even the role of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for these conditions is very limited. Fluorescein angiography appears to be particularly helpful in early cases of possible toxicity where the clinical findings may be mild. Early diagnosis is beneficial, as prompt discontinuation of the offending agent may on occasion reduce the risk of permanent vision loss.


Optical Coherence Tomography Fluorescein Angiography Cystoid Macular Edema Color Photograph Retinal Toxicity 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen G. Schwartz
    • 1
  • William F. Mieler
    • 2
  1. 1.Bascom Palmer Eye InstituteUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineNaples
  2. 2.Department of Ophthalmology & Visual ScienceUniversity of ChicagoChicago

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