Angiography of Retinal and Choroidal Tumors

  • J. Fernando Arevalo
  • Carol L. Shields
  • Jerry A. Shields
  • Miguel A. Materin
  • Aristides J. Mendoza

The evaluation of intraocular tumors differs from almost all other oncologic evaluations because there is little reliance on tissue diagnosis. Definitive therapies such as enucleation and radiation are usually based on the results of ophthalmoscopy, and a limited number of ancillary studies without the aid of biopsy. Although biopsies can be performed on most intraocular tumors, the ocular morbidity associated with these procedures is usually not worth the added benefit of a tissue diagnosis.


Indocyanine Green Uveal Melanoma Cavernous Hemangioma Indocyanine Green Angiography Choroidal Melanoma 
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© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Fernando Arevalo
    • 1
  • Carol L. Shields
    • 2
  • Jerry A. Shields
    • 2
  • Miguel A. Materin
    • 2
  • Aristides J. Mendoza
    • 1
  1. 1.Retina and Vitreous Service, Clinica Oftalmológica Centro CaracasArevalo-Coutinho Foundation for Research in OphthalmologyCaracasVenezuela
  2. 2.Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye HospitalThomas Jefferson UniversityPhiladelphia

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