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Pediatrics

  • Ahmad Wagih Abdel-Halim
Chapter

Breast Feeding

Introduction

  • Timing: Most infants start feeding within the first 6 hours after birth.

  • Most important factor for efficient breast feeding: Adequate hydration of mother.

  • Type of milk: Colostrum is the main breast milk during the first 7–10 days after labor, after which it transforms to the established form. Colostrum has a high content of proteins, macrophages, immunoglobulins, epidermal growth factor (for GI epithelization), and small amount of calories compared to established milk.

Advantages of Human Milk

  • Bifidus factor: A glycoprotein that stimulates the growth of lactobacillus bifidus and lactobacillus acidophilus in the infant’s intestine. Lactobacilli convert lactose to lactic acid; which kills pathogens and promotes absorption of calcium and iron.

  • Essential fatty acids: e.g., Linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic acids. They are essential for maturation of the CNS.

  • Iron: High iron content with high bioavailability, hence, routine iron supplementation is not needed...

Keywords

Down Syndrome Clinical Picture Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Patent Ductus Arteriosus Atrial Septal Defect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.McLaren Regional Medical CenterFlintUSA

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