Traumatic Optic Neuropathies

  • Jane W. Chan


Traumatic optic neuropathy may be a result of severe head trauma or may be associated with little or no evidence of head injury. Traumatic optic neuropathy occurs in approximately 0.5% to 5% of closed head injuries1 and in 2.5% of patients with maxillofacial trauma and midface fractures.2 Loss of consciousness is associated with traumatic optic neuropathy in 40% to 70% of cases.3,4 In closed head injuries, the site of injury causing blindness is often the forehead or supraorbital ridge, less commonly the temporal region. Patients from 20 to 40 years of age represent the major trauma population who experience traumatic optic neuropathy.5


Optic Nerve Retinal Ganglion Cell Optic Neuropathy Optic Nerve Head Central Retinal Artery 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jane W. Chan
    • 1
  1. 1.Ophthalmology and NeurologyUniversity of Kentucky College of MedicineLexingtonUSA

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