Effects of Hydrologic Management Decisions on Everglades Tree Islands
Pressures from increasing agriculture and growing human populations have resulted in alteration of many aspects of the Everglades wetland mosaic in south Florida. Water management has focused on extracting services from the wetland system to support the influx of human inhabitants and growing agricultural production. Management practices to ensure water supplies for human use, control floods, and minimize hurricane effects have caused ecosystem fragmentation and substantial reduction of the spatial extent of the Everglades. Nearly half of the ecosystem’s original 404,686 ha have been transferred to agricultural use and urban development. To satisfy the needs of local inhabitants, a system of levees and canals has been installed over the past 50 years (Chap. 2). In addition, creation of the Water Conservation Areas (WCAs) impounded large sections of the wetland between Lake Okeechobee and the Everglades National Park.
KeywordsLandscape Pattern Patch Density Tree Island Everglades National Park South Florida Water Management District
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.