Source Apportionment of Primary Carbonaceous Aerosol Using the Community Multiscale Air Quality Model
A substantial fraction of fine particulate matter (PM) across the United States is composed of carbon, which may be either emitted in particulate form (i.e., primary) or formed in the atmosphere through gas-to-particle conversion processes (i.e., secondary). Primary carbonaceous aerosol is emitted from numerous sources including motor vehicle exhaust, residential wood combustion, coal combustion, forest fires, agricultural burning, solid waste incineration, food cooking operations, and road dust. Quantifying the primary contributions from each major emission source category is a prerequisite to formulating an effective control strategy for the reduction of carbonaceous aerosol concentrations. A quantitative assessment of secondary carbonaceous aerosol concentrations also is required, but falls outside the scope of the present work.
KeywordsElemental Carbon Diesel Exhaust Source Apportionment Carbonaceous Aerosol Source Category
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