Fuel Cell Power-Conditioning Systems

  • Sudip K. Mazumder


Currently, USA is the largest consumer of energy in the world with projected consumption of 5207 billion kWhs in 2025 (, with the actual and forecast demand for electrical energy is growing in all the end-use sectors. The highest annual growth rates are projected for the commercial, industrial, and residential sectors at about 2.2, 1.6 and 1.4%, respectively, as shown in Fig. l(a). From 2000 to 2003, 69 GWs of peaking capacity was added and 112 GWs of combined-cycle capacity, which is efficient in both baseload and cycling applications, was installed. To meet increasing base and peak power demands, the demand for energy resources is rapidly increasing and unfortunately, as Fig. l(b) shows, progressively depleting resources, such as natural gas and coal, which cause environmental pollution, still account for more than 50% of the total energy-generation resources ( Furthermore, as the demand for natural gas continues to rise, domestic production dwindles and world-wide demand and supply scenario for oil and gas approach a delicate balance, we are forced with greater reliance on importation (which incidentally, is still insufficient to meet the demand) and economic vulnerability. Clearly, there is an urgent need for alternative sources of energy.


Fuel Cell Boost Converter Leakage Inductance Multilevel Inverter Voltage Spike 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Scholar
  2. R.W. Erickson and D. Maksimovic, Fundamentals of Power Electronics, Springer, 2nd edition, January 2001.Google Scholar
  3. N. Mohan, T.M. Undeland and W.P. Robbins, Power Electronics: Converters, Applications, and Design, Wiley, 3rd edition, October, 2002.Google Scholar
  4. P.T. Krein, Elements of Power Electronics, Oxford University Press, September, 1997.Google Scholar
  5. J.G. Kassakian, M.F. Schlecht and G.C. Verghese, Principles of Power Electronics, Prentice Hall, July 1991.Google Scholar
  6. J. Lai, “Power electronic technologies for fuel cell power systems”, Proceedings of the Sixth Annual SECA Workshop, April 18–21, 2005, also available at Scholar
  7. R.D. Middlebrook and S. Ćuk, Advances in switched-mode power conversion, vols. I and II, TESLACO, 1983.Google Scholar
  8. A. Weinberg and J. Schreuders, “A high power high voltage DC-DC converter for space applications”, IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference, pp. 317–329, 1985.Google Scholar
  9. F. Canales, P. Barbosa, and F.C. Lee, “A zero-voltage and zero-current switching three-level DC/DC converter”, IEEE Transactions of Power Electronics, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 898–904, November 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. J.R. Pinheiro and I. Barbi, “The three-level ZVS-PWM DC-to-DC converter”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 486–492, October 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Y. Jin and P. Enjeti, “A high frequency link direct dc-ac converter for residential fuel cell power systems”, IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference, pp. 4755–4761, June 2004.Google Scholar
  12. T. Kawabata, H. Komji, K. Sashida et al., “High frequency link DC/AC converter with PWM cycloconverter”, IEEE Industrial Application Society Conference, pp: 1119–1124, 1990.Google Scholar
  13. J. Mazumdar, I. Batarseh and N. Kutkut et al., High frequency low cost DC-AC inverter design with fuel cell source for home applications, IEEE Industry Applications Conference, 2002, pp. 789–794.Google Scholar
  14. P.T. Krein, R.S. Balog and X. Geng, “High-frequency link inverter for fuel cells based on multiple carrier PWM”, IEEE Transaction of Power Electronics, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1279–1288, September 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. S.K. Mazumder and R.K. Burra, “Fuel cell power conditioner for stationary power system: towards optimal design from reliability, efficiency and cost standpoint”, Keynote Lecture, ASME Third International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL2005-74178, May 23–25, 2005.Google Scholar
  16. S.K. Mazumder, K. Acharya, C. Haynes, R. Williams, M.R. von Spakovsky, D. Nelson, D. Rancruel, J. Hartvigsen and R. Gemmen, “Solid oxide fuel cell performance and durability: resolution of the effects of power-conditioning systems and application loads”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1263–1278, 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. R. Gemmen, “Analysis for the effect of inverter ripple current on fuel cell operating condition”, Proceedings of IMECE: ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 2001.Google Scholar
  18. J.A. Pomilio and G. Spiazzi, “Soft-commutated Ćuk and SEPIC converters as power factor preregulators”, 20th International Conference on Industrial Electronics, Control and Instrumentation, pp. 256–261, 1994.Google Scholar
  19. S. Deng and H. Mao, “A new control scheme for high-frequency link inverter design”, IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, pp. 512–517, 2003.Google Scholar
  20. S.K. Mazumder, R.K. Burra and K. Acharya, “Novel efficient and reliable dc/ac converter for fuel cell power conditioning”, Non-provisional patent application No. 60/501,955, September 2003.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Anamaya Publishers, New Delhi, India 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sudip K. Mazumder
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Laboratory for Energy and Switching-Electronics Systems (LESES)University of IllinoisChicago

Personalised recommendations