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Pneumoconioses, Mineral and Vegetable

  • Thomas A. Sporn
  • Victor L. Roggli

Abstract

The term pneumoconiosis, originally coined by Zenker,1 literally means dust in the lung. Because various types of dust can be found in the lungs of virtually all adults, this term has come to mean the accumulation of abnormal amounts of dust in the lungs and the local pathologic response to this dust. A great variety of dust particles have been identified, which, when inhaled in sufficient amounts, are capable of producing disease in humans. The sources of these particles are diverse, ranging from occupational to environmental exposures. Factors important in determining the pathologic response to a given dust exposure include the number, size, and physicochemical properties of the inhaled particles; the route and efficiency of the clearance of particles from the respiratory tract; the nature and intensity of the host’s inflammatory response to the particles deposited in the lung; the duration of the exposure and interval since initial exposure; and the interaction between the inhaled particles from multiple sources and other environmental pollutants such as cigarette smoke.

Keywords

Coal Dust Asbestos Fiber Cotton Dust Coal Worker Arch Environ Health 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas A. Sporn
    • 1
  • Victor L. Roggli
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PathologyDuke University and Durham VA Medical CentersDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Department of PathologyDuke University and Durham VA Medical CentersDurhamUSA

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