Biotic Turnover in Superorganism Systems: Several Principles of Establishment and Sustenance (Theoretical Analysis, Debatable Issues)

  • V.G. Gubanov
  • A.G. Degermendzhy


Biosphere in first approximation (taking into consideration the most general characteristics) can be characterized by the inflow of light energy, the presence of differentiated alive and inert matter and high degree of thermodynamic closedness. The material cycle based on closure, driven by energy flow based on functional distribution of organisms, is formed to become the basis for long-term existence and evolution of the biosphere. The problem of formation and maintenance of the cycle on all biologically important chemical elements in terms of the biosphere seems urgent because the cycle is the most important attribute of biosphere existence. The biosystem closed on biotic matter cycle is the system with substantially short biocycle of its existence. In the planetary scale the possibility of biocycles destruction due to the formation of biologically non-degradable matters (‘deadlocks’) can be absolutely real, besides other mechanisms of biosphere degradation (toxicity, warming, ozone holes, etc.). The same problem exists in constructing artificial closed ecosystems, e.g. with the aim of life support for crew of spacecrafts, underwater and arctic settlements and the possible model prototype of noosphere. The aim of the work is to describe and make primary mathematical analysis of two principles of biological closure: ‘ecological’ and ‘evolutionary.’ The ratio of any ith biogenic element flow on the producer link to the sum of the same flow and the flow of element coming into the deadlock sediments is the closure measure of any ith element (coefficient Cli).


Closure Condition Biogenic Element Spirulina Platensis Cycle Closure Matter Cycle 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • V.G. Gubanov
    • 1
  • A.G. Degermendzhy
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Biophysics SB RASRussia

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