Inferior Oblique Muscle Weakening Procedures


Over the past years, the management of inferior oblique overaction has improved substantially. Historically, inferior oblique surgery was considered extremely difficult and fraught with complications, such as fat adherence, ciliary nerve damage with pupillary dilatation, and intraoperative hemorrhage. The late Dr. Marshall Parks pioneered meticulous techniques that all but eliminated these complications. Another important advance has been the anteriorization procedure.


Rectus Muscle Posterior Border Lateral Rectus Inferior Rectus Intermuscular Septum 
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