Introduction to Polymer Composites

  • Jamal Ahmad

Man has discovered long ago that clay bricks can be made stronger and more durable by reinforcing the clay with straw and sticks. There are also many naturally occurring composites, such as wood and bones. Wood consists of strong cellulose fibers held together by a lignin matrix. Bones consist of short and soft collagen fibers embedded in a mineral matrix. Both wood and bones demonstrate the outstanding adaptability and capabilities of composite materials in supporting loads under diverse conditions. Composite materials, thus far can be defined as materials consisting of two or more constituents (phases) that are combined at the macroscopic level and are not soluble in each other. Modern synthetic composites using reinforcement fibers (one phase) and matrices (another phase) of various types have been introduced as replacement materials to metals in civilian, military, and aerospace applications. The marking point in the composites revolution has been associated with the development...


Carbon Fiber Compression Molding Aramid Fiber Molding Compound Honeycomb Core 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jamal Ahmad

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