Garside Monoids and Braid Monoids
Braid groups may be viewed as groups of fractions of certain monoids called braid monoids. The latter belong to a wider class of so-called Garside monoids. In this chapter we investigate properties of monoids and specifically of Garside monoids. As an application, we give a solution of the conjugacy problem in the braid groups. We also discuss generalized braid groups associated with Coxeter matrices.