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Revised road map to the phylum Firmicutes

  • Wolfgang Ludwig
  • Karl-Heinz Schleifer
  • William B Whitman

Starting with the Second Edition of Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, the arrangement of content follows a phylogenetic framework or “road map” based largely on analyses of the nucle-otide sequences of the ribosomal small-subunit RNA rather than on phenotypic data (Garrity et al., 2005). Implicit in the use of the road map are the convictions that prokaryotes have a phy-logeny and that phylogeny matters. However, the reader should be aware that phylogenies, like other experimentally derived hypotheses, are not static but may change whenever new data and/or improved methods of analysis become available (Ludwig and Klenk, 2005). Thus, the large increases in data since the publication of the taxonomic outlines in the preceding volumes have led to a re-evaluation of the road map. Not surprisingly, the taxonomic hierarchy has been modified or newly interpreted for a number of taxonomic units of the Firmicutes. These changes are described in the following paragraphs.

The taxonomic...

Keywords

Clostridium Species Paraphyletic Group Previous Volume Current Outline Ruminococcus Albus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Ludwig
    • 1
  • Karl-Heinz Schleifer
    • 1
  • William B Whitman
    • 2
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl för MikrobiologieTechnische Universität MönchenFreisingGermany
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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