Drinking Water Disinfection by In-line Electrolysis: Product and Inorganic By-Product Formation



This section covers peculiarities of so-called in-line electrolysis when drinking water is electrolysed to produce disinfection species killing microorganisms. Mainly mixed oxide electrodes (MIO) based on IrO2 and/or RuO2 coatings and boron-doped diamond electrodes were used in the studies. Artificial and real drinking water systems were electrolysed in continuous and discontinuous operating mode, varying water composition, current density and electrode materials. Results show, besides the ability of producing active chlorine, risks of inorganic disinfection by-products (DBPs) such as chlorate, perchlorate, nitrite, ammonium, chloramines, hydrogen peroxide and others. DBPs are responsible for analysis errors using DPD method for active chlorine measurements. Geometry may influence by-product yield. As a conclusion, the necessity of developing test routines for practical cell applications must be underlined.


Active Chlorine Chlorine Dioxide High Chloride Concentration Active Chlorine Species Electrochemical Quartz Crystal Nanobalance 



The author wishes to thank all colleagues and co-workers, which were involved in experiments and discussions. In particular, these thanks are directed to Prof. Johanna Rollin, Dr. Andreas Rittel, Dr. Tatiana Iourtchouk, Dr. Kristin Schoeps, Christine Hummel, Karsten Kresse, Thomas Kadyk, Christian Czichos, Uta M. Borutzky and Renate Zinke (all from Anhalt University Koethen), Prof. Ü. Öütveren, Dr. A. Savas Koparal, Dr. A. Tansu Koparal and Özge Tümöz (Anadolu University Eskisehir), Prof. Karel Bouzek, and Roman Kodym (Institute of Chemical Technology Prague), Dr. F. Ehrig (BAFZ Quedlinburg), to DAAD and Anhalt University for financial support and to German BMBF/AIF Cologne for project organisation – FKZ 1721X04.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments 6/7Anhalt University of Applied Sciences06366Koethen/Anh.Germany

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