Machine design for precision manufacturing

The development of machines over time can be viewed through a number of different lenses. Shirley and Jaikumar, for example, refer to a classification of seventeen levels of mechanization of “machines” related to their power and control sources. These developments, or levels, roughly follow progress of man and machine through time. So one sees the development from a person holding a tool at the lowest level, level 2 (level 1 being the person’s hand alone) through powered tools to more automated machinery. Finally, at level seventeen, we see a machine which anticipates action required and adjusts itself to provide it in response to some sensor inputs and “intelligence” containing an objective function and means for optimization.


Machine Tool Precision Machine Face Milling Tool Deflection Precision Manufacture 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

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