Many chemical and biological systems include multistage processes rather than only continuous contact ones. The most common multistage systems are absorption and distillation columns. Most of these systems involve more than one phase and they therefore fall under the category of heterogeneous multistage systems. Multistage systems can be cocurrent or countercurrent.


Removal Rate Heterogeneous System Equilibrium Relation Design Equation Multistage System 
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For Chapter 6

  1. N.R. Amundson, Mathematical Method in Chemical Engineering, Prentice-Hall, 1966Google Scholar
  2. E. Kreysig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 2nd ed, John Wiley, 1967Google Scholar

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© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2007

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