Acoustics Issues

  • Jonathan B. Clark
  • Christopher S. Allen

Omnipresent with human habitation in artificial environments is background and operational noise. Inherent in almost any platform or craft that maintains a human crew in an enclosed cabin is the need for circulation of air to remove metabolic and other adverse waste products and to replenish consumed oxygen. Water and fluid coolants of thermal control systems may also require circulation, typically provided by motorized fans and pumps. Noise generated by such systems is an expected consequence for surface ships, submarines, aircraft, and spacecraft and adds to noise that may be produced by propulsion systems and other operational equipment. Noise in low Earth orbit spacecraft operations has been identified as a significant environmental hazard for human crews. This chapter examines the sources and character of background noise on board orbiting spacecraft, the morbidity and pathophysiology associated with such noise, and aspects of remediation and crew protection.


Hearing Loss Hair Cell Sound Pressure Level International Space Station Noise Exposure 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan B. Clark
    • 1
  • Christopher S. Allen
    • 2
  1. 1.National Space Biomedical Research InstituteHoustonUSA
  2. 2.NASA Johnson Space CenterHoustonUSA

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