There have been enormous advances in the science of genetics. A huge amount of information regarding the precise molecular mechanisms of genetic transmission from parent to offspring is becoming increasingly available. In this chapter, we briefly review basic terminology and principles of genetics from Mendelian, population, quantitative and molecular perspectives at a level appropriate for understanding the research methods to be described in this book. Much of the description for classic Mendelian genetics is adapted from Bailey’s (1961) book. To learn more about modern genetics, please look into the more general genetics textbooks that are listed at the end of this chapter.
KeywordsQuantitative Trait Gene Pair Mating Type Meiotic Division Additive Genetic Variance
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