Soviet activity

  • David M. Harland
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)


After the success of Luna 3, the Soviets developed a new spacecraft designed to deliver a capsule to the lunar surface using the rough landing technique. Luna 4 was launched at 08:16 GMT on 2 April 1962, and after cruising in parking orbit it set off for the Moon. After an ineffective midcourse manoeuvre, the 1,422-kg vehicle made a flyby at 13:25 on 5 April at a range of 8,500 km and passed into solar orbit. After several further failures, the Soviet Union conducted a deliberate flyby mission.


Lunar Surface Radio Occultation Lunar Orbit Radar Altimeter Lunar Gravity 


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Copyright information

© Praxis Publishing Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • David M. Harland
    • 1
  1. 1.Kelvinbridge GlasgowUK

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